Alp Arslan— Don QuixoteAlp Arsalan was a Seljuk sultan who ascended the throne after his uncle Tughral Beg. He ruled from 1063 to 1072. He was a very alert and brave king. Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, a well-known mastermind, was appointed Minister of the Empire on the recommendation of his father, Chaghari Beg. During his reign the borders of the Seljuk Empire became very wide. He first included Herat and Jund (Trans-Canal) in his territory. Then he defeated the Fatimid ruler and annexed Mecca and Medina. This increased the influence of the Seljuks in the Islamic world. When the Byzantines invaded, they were defeated on August 26, 1071 in the Battle of Malazkard. And Caesar Rome arrested Romanus IV. Caesar Rome not only paid the ransom and agreed to pay tribute. Instead, he married his daughter to the Sultan’s son and gave her the territories of Armenia and Georgia. Khwarizmi Governor Yusuf al-Khwarizmi, who was taken prisoner in a campaign against the Turks, was severely wounded by the sword and died four days later, on November 25, 1072, at the age of just 42 years. Alp Arsalan was buried next to the grave of his father Chaghari Beg in Marwa.